The reasons for the desert becoming less attractive

In the 50s of the 20th century, the part of the desert was ploughed and seeded with sharp-leaf willow and the Scots pine.

Industrial dust of the Upper Silesian Industrial Region and the observed recently raise of water level caused a great limitation of uncovered sand areas. The southern part of the desert has been recently almost all covered with vegetation (excluding the eastern edges), and the northern part, near Chechło, is still a mainly uncovered territory. The length of the desert is less than 10 km and its width – up to 4 km.

The lands included within this area are mainly without vegetation outlay. They are partially covered with forest. The forest congeries mainly consist of artificially planted pine (Pinus sylvestris) and birch (Betula pendula). The uncovered areas were planted with sharp-leaf willow (Salix acutifolia), shrubs of which grow fast in various parts of the desert. The sand area is covered with (2330) inland dunes with grey-hair grass (Spergulo-Corynophoretum) and blue hair grass (Festuco psammophilae – Koelerietum glaucae), with small clusters of creeping willow shrubs (Salix repens subsp. arenaria) and single self-sown Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris).

The animals and plants of the Błędów Desert.